The Teaching of Seon Master Daehaeng
IntroductionIn order to realize and awaken to our inherent nature,Seon Master Daehaeng Sunim teaches people to “Believe in your foundation, Juingong, and entrust it with everything that confronts you. Then go forward while observing andexperimenting with what you experience. All things constantly change every instant, so there is nothing to cling to. By entrusting everything to your foundation, every aspect of your daily life can become part of your practice. Don’t blame others for the things that happen in your life, know that everything is your teacher, and interpret things positively. Also know that all beings share the same mind, the same life, the same body, work together, and share all things together.”
The first thing that Seon Master Daehaeng Sunim teaches people is that when we were born into this world, each one of us was already endowed with everything we need, including all abilities and all understanding. We all have this fundamental nature, sometimes called Buddha-nature, inherent mind, or Juingong, but the problem is that people don’t rely upon it. Instead they search outside of themselves for something that will make them feel happy, complete, and satisfied. But ignoring the splendor of our inherent nature and looking for something separate from ourselves only makes people feel worse.
According to the circumstances and the listeners, Daehaeng Sunim has spoken in depth about these and other aspects of spiritual practice. The following is a summary of Daehaeng Kun Sunim’s teachings related to several of these topics
What is true self?
If you had not been born, you wouldn’t be aware of the universe nor would the phenomenal world have any meaning for you. If you weren’t here, neither Buddha nor the Buddha-dharma would exist. Therefore the most urgent thing is to truly know yourself. While inquiring, do not assume that your body is who you are.
Think about what makes you see, hear, think and act. What is it that has guided your evolution from the time you were a microbe all the way up to becoming a human being. It is your true self, your fundamental mind. Let’s take the example of a tree. Trees live by relying upon its root, even though they can’t see it. Like this, your true self isn’t something that you can show to others, but it always exists within you. Furthermore, everything in the universe is also living by relying on its true self, i.e. upon its root.
Your fundamental mind, your true self is invisibly connected to all things in the world and through it all things communicate with each other and work together as one. In this way, the whole universe is functioning together as one through fundamental mind, so this working together is called One Mind (Hanmaum).
Fundamental mind, or Juingong, is not the mind that arises and disappears. On the contrary, it is tranquil and unshakable, and has infinite ability to encompass the entire universe. It is the source of unlimited energy, which you can freely use whenever you want.
Fundamental mind is within you, is the source of your existence, and has led you over the eons. Thus, that is what you have to believe in and rely upon. Money, fame, relationships, etc. may give you some satisfaction, but it will be short-lived. Only by knowing your true nature will you be able to know true satisfaction.
It’s unfortunate that people forget all about their past lives once they’re reborn, but it is not necessary to remember your past lives in order to know your true self. Anybody, even children, can see the working of true self in the world around them. For example, even though a tree looks dead and lifeless in the winter, you know from experiences that fresh leaves will appear in the spring.
Every kind of plant lives by relying upon its root. Would you try to ignore the root that has guided your evolution all the way up to becoming a human being? Your root, true self, Juingong, is the source of energy infinitely greater than that of the sun, and is always functioning as one with the entire universe. So believe in and rely upon this boundless energy that has guided your evolution and which deeply loves you. Don’t doubt the fact that Juingong has always been with you and will always be with you. Know that you and the Buddha are fundamentally connected as one. Your mind and the Buddha’s mind are not separate.
Once a firm belief in your foundation develops, nothing can disturb you. Moreover, every kind of truth will naturally become clear to you. Therefore, if you have a firm belief in your foundation and always rely upon it, there is nothing else you have to try to practice. The sutras contain so many different teachings because there are so many different kinds of people with different levels of development. Thus, various types of skillful means were necessary. Nevertheless, all of those teachings and methods were based upon the realization that there is an inherent foundation within each one of us that connects as one and through which we all function as one.